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California’s 11 Ballot Propositions: Which Passed, Failed?

On Tuesday California voters were given a chance to expand rent control, authorize bonds funding construction at hospitals providing children’s health care, establish new standards for the confinement of farm animals, and repeal a gas tax by way of ballot referenda. Here’s how each proposition turned out.

Prop 1: Authorizes Bonds to Fund Specified Housing Assistance Programs

This measure would authorize the state to sell $4 billion in bonds to support housing programs. Approximately $2 billion would be dedicated to giving local governments low-interest loans to build or renovate affordable, multi-family apartment buildings, and another $1 billion would go to programs that provide home loan assistance for military veterans. The rest of the money would be put into existing housing programs already in effect across the state.

Passed/rejected? According to the Sacramento Bee, this one hasn’t officially been called. But it’s probably going to pass, with 54% of voters saying yes.

Prop 2: Authorizes Bonds to Fund Existing Housing Program for Individuals with Mental Illness

A “yes” vote on Prop 2 authorizes $120 million per year to create permanent supportive housing for mentally ill homeless people across the state, and a “no” vote throws it back to the courts to sort out what the wording of 2004’s Prop 63.

Passed/rejected? Passed (61%-38.84%).

Prop 3: Authorizes Bonds to Fund Projects for Water Supply and Quality, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Water Conveyance, and Groundwater Sustainability and Storage

“If you cast a ballot back in June, you were asked to weigh in on Prop 68, a $4.1 billion fund for water and environmental projects,” write LAMag contributors Gwynedd Stuart and Brittany Martin. “November’s Prop 3 sounds similar, but adds an additional $8.9 billion. Except, there are some key differences between 68 (which passed) and 3. Prop 68 came through the state legislative process; Prop 3 arrived on the ballot by a public campaign, backed in part by large agribusiness interests who will benefit from the projects funded by the measure. The Sierra Club, which backed Prop 68, strongly opposes Prop 3 and suggests a “no” vote. Proponents, however, say that Prop 68 favored urban and coastal concerns over the desires of inland and farm communities, and Prop 3 is their attempt to address that imbalance.”

Passed/rejected? To be determined, but with 94% of precincts reporting, 52% of voters are saying no.

Prop 4: Authorizes Bonds Funding Construction at Hospitals Providing Children’s Health Care

The lion’s share of the $1.5 billion authorized by the passage of this measure would go to building and equipping private, nonprofit children’s hospitals that offer healthcare to kids covered by qualifying government programs, like the California Children’s Services program. Funds would also go toward general hospitals with dedicated children’s treatment facilities and five University of California centers focusing on pediatric care.

Passed/rejected? Passed.

Prop 5: Changes Requirements for Certain Property Owners to Transfer their Property Tax Base to Replacement Property

Eases restrictions on property taxes to disabled individuals or those over 55-years-old when they’re ready to move. Nonpartisan political analysis website Ballot.fyi writes: “Say your 56-year-old neighbor bought her home in 1980 for $110K, and you just bought the place next door for $1M (aka a steal in SF). Even though you live in very similar homes, she’ll pay $2,200 in taxes this year while you pay $11,000.” Prop 5 would ease restrictions on where and how many times that neighbor can move while still getting a discount on property taxes.

Passed/rejected: Rejected

Prop 6: Eliminates Certain Road Repair and Transportation Funding, Requires Certain Fuel Taxes and Vehicle Fees to be Approved by the Electorate

A “yes” vote on this repeal measure could save individuals 12 cents per gallon on standard gasoline by cutting around $5 billion a year in funding for transit infrastructure. Prop 6 includes provisions that any fuel tax or vehicle fee increase in California’s future would have to go to the voters.

Passed/rejected? Rejected.

Prop 7: Conforms California Daylight Savings Time to Federal Law. Allows Legislature to Change Daylight Savings Time Period.

Proponents believe permanently starting the day an hour earlier could have implications for energy conservation. Opponents are concerned about an increase in traffic accidents as winter commuters head to work in darkness, and cite the possible cross-country confusion of California being three hours behind Eastern Time part of the year, but only two hours behind at others.

Passed/rejected? Passed.

Prop 8: Regulates Amounts Outpatient Kidney Dialysis Clinics Charge for Dialysis Treatment

Passing Prop 8 places a limit on how much certain dialysis clinics can charge patients at 115% of a combination of “direct patient care service costs” in addition to “healthcare quality improvement costs,” prohibits the clinics from discriminating against patients depending on their payment method, and institutes fines and penalties for failing to follow the rules.

Passed/rejected? Rejected.

Prop 10: Expands Local Governments’ Authority to Enact Rent Control on Residential Property

The Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act, passed in 1995, bans cities from establishing certain kinds of rent control, including prohibiting cities from enforcing rent control on apartments and single-family houses built after 1995. Prop 10 seeks to overturn that act. Opponents worry that landlords and developers will be disinclined to build new rental units and might even go to great lengths to demolish existing ones if they think they’re going to be hit with tenants paying well below market rates.

Passed/rejected? Rejected by a wide margin (61%-38%).

Prop 11: Requires Private-Sector Emergency Ambulance Employees to Remain On-Call During Work Breaks. Eliminates Certain Employer Liability

If passed, employees of for-profit private ambulance companies would be required to stay on-call via mobile devices during their meal and rest breaks. If the break is interrupted by a call, that one wouldn’t be deducted from the total number of breaks an employee is required to be given per shift. The companies would also have to provide mental health services to workers and provide specialized training for the job.

Passed/rejected? Passed.

Prop 12: Establishes New Standards for Confinement of Specified Farm Animals; Bans Sale of Noncomplying Products

Prop 12 sets minimum standards for the space an egg-laying hen, pig, or veal calf needs to have on a commercial farm.

Passed/rejected? Passed.

By: Nico Picciuto
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